When we look at the world that we live in and we look at the particulars of things around us, being resoning creatures, we naturally want to infer from the data that we see and we make conclusions about life. In a fallen world the data is mixed, and when we look at certain things, the problem we also have is that not only are we reasoning creatures but we are fallen creatures according to the Scriptures, so that our minds are now darkened by sin, our will is alienated from God, our affections are alienated from God, so that when we look at the data, we naturally reason to bad inferences. We draw conclusions that are not consistent with reality and so the Word of God comes in to correct us and to set us on the right understanding of what we see. And we wonder: is God really in charge and is he really working all things for good? Even as believers who have been made alive, there still linger these doubts and James wants to make the compelling case for the goodness of God.