The 2,000-year-old scroll has been in the hands of archaeologists for decades. But it hasnâ€™t been possible to read it, since it was too dangerous to open the charred and brittle scroll.
Scientists have now been able to read it, using special imaging technology that can look into whatâ€™s inside. And it has found what was in there: the earliest evidence of a biblical text in its standardised form.
The passages, which come from the Book of Leviticus, show the first physical evidence of a long-held belief that the Hebrew Bible thatâ€™s in use today has is more than 2,000 years old.
The discovery was announced in an article in Science Advances written by researchers from Kentucky and Jerusalem. It described how the researchers used a tool called â€śvirtual unwrappingâ€ť, which provides a 3D digital analysis of an X-ray scan. ...