10] The nature of Christâs death can only be understood in terms of penal substitution.
His was no ordinary anguish and pain. His was no ordinary death (Matthew 26:37; Mark 14:33-35; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7). As Turretin says, âSuch things can have no other adequate cause except in vindicatory justice demanding from Christ a most full satisfaction for usâ (op. cited, pages 434,435). A scripture comes to mind: âIs it nothing to you all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, herewith the Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce angerâ (Lamentations 1:12).
As Wesley expresses it:
For what you have done His blood must atone: The Father hath punished for you His dear Son: The Lord, in the day Of His anger did lay Your sins on the Lamb, and He bore them away
Contrary to what the heretic CAB is trying to teach on this forum Penal substitution is NOT a theory of the atonement, IT IS the atonement!
6] The fact that His death was a âransomâ (Matthew 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6; cf. Romans 3:24; Ephesians 1:7) shows that the sinnerâs freedom has been bought by the payment of a required price. Christ paid the price, an equivalent for the sins of men (1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9).
In his classic work, The Atonement and Intercession of Christ, William Symington concludes, âThe passages, thus, without controversy, prove the fact that salvation is effected by the blood or death or the Lord Jesus Christ, which is offered to and accepted of by God, as a perfect satisfaction, a proper equivalent for the sins of such as are made partakers of redemption. They are not their own, but BOUGHT WITH A PRICE. Can anything more distinctly express the idea of satisfaction, which is just the idea of atonement?â (pages 185,186).
4] In Isaiah 53:7, it says âhe was oppressedâ - literally, âit was exactedâ
- that is, Christ bore the penalty which the Law demanded. B.W. Newton comments, âit must be very strongly stated that the commencing Hebrew word (âit was exactedâ) indicates that the suffering was the result of judicial infliction from the hand of God; because He who so suffered stood as one who had voluntarily undertaken to bear penalties which the Law of God âexacted.â The word (nagas) indicated not merely oppression, but oppression that was the result of a demand. It means to have payment of a debt sternly executed, and is thus used in Deuteronomy 15:2,3, âEvery creditor that lendeth aught to his neighbour shall (on the seventh year) release it; he shall not EXACT it of his neighbour or his brother, because the Lordâs release hath been proclaimed. Of a foreigner thou mayest EXACT it again, etc.ââ (Thoughts on the Whole Prophecy of Isaiah, pages 265,266).