Response to Chris' Question 2 I hope that you gleaned more from the message than the few theological problems that RB had. I truly believe that he has a lot to model our outreach and our commitment to the communities after. Baxter has been a great influence on me through his Directory as well as his treatise on heaven. He is worth working through.
Response to Chris' Question Amyraldians believed that in the decree of God election came after the need for redemption. This made redemption UNIVERSAL, but only having application towards the elect. It is a mild form of Calvinism, and somewhat Arminian. Baxter liked this position.
Here is what Meet the Puritans says, "Baxter's writings are a strange theological mix. He was one of a few Puritans whose doctrines of God's decrees, atonement, and justification were anything but Reformed. Though he generally structured his theology along reformed lines of thought, he frequently LEANED towards Arminian thinking. He developed his own notion of universal redemption, which offended Calvinists, but he retained a form of personal election, which offended Arminians. He rejected reprobation. He was greatly influenced by the Amyraldians and incorporated much of their thinking including hypothetical universalism, which teaches that Christ's death was more of a legal satisfaction of the law than a personal substitutionary death on behalf of elect sinners." (p.66)