“Fallacies do not cease to be fallacies because they become fashions.” (1) Error turns into accepted truth as it gains popularity. The popularity of evolution blinds the eyes of multitudes to its Biblical errors, especially when endorsed by popular leaders like Timothy Keller.
Give me 10 minutes, and I will show you 8 of Keller’s Biblical fallacies of evolution and how to avoid them.
Primary Myth #1: “…Genesis 1 does not teach that God made the world in six twenty-four hour days.” (2)
Timothy Keller based this falsehood upon a series of wrong conclusions:
The literary format (poetry, story, non-fiction, etc.) of a text determines the intent of the author (3). Poetry does not describe literal events.
Repetition of words and phrases in Genesis 1 does not fit a non-fiction style. “Obviously, this is not the way someone writes in response to a simple request to tell what happened.” (4)
Genesis 1 reads like poetry, not a non-fiction account of what actually happened. (5).
Keller’s inaccuracies caused him to conclude that Genesis fails to describe literal events.
Contradiction of Keller’s Errors: Contrary to Keller, Genesis 1 describes God's acts of creation in six twenty-four days.
The literary style of a writing does not determine the reality or non-reality of the events described in it. A written passage includes not only its format but also the message that it delivers. The reader must examine the presentation of the text and the message that it delivers.
Mere repetition of words and/or phrases does not qualify as evidence of poetry. Repetition emphasizes the point(s) made by the writer to implant the message into the minds of the audience.
Further, the phrase “…evening and morning…” for each day in Genesis 1 identified them as twenty-four hour days. The Bible never uses the words “evening” or “morning” to represent long periods of time. They always identify particular parts of a twenty-four hour day. Taken together, they describe a full day of twenty-four hours. (6) Exodus 20.8-11, 31.12-17, and Numbers 9.15-16 further confirm the description in Genesis 1 as six twenty-four hour days.
The Holy Spirit used a wide variety of formats to convey His message. In fact, the Bible frequently uses poetry to describe literal events.
Judges 5.20-21, used by Keller to “prove” the non-literal meaning of poetry, described a massive rainstorm that flooded the river region where Barak’s enemies dwelled. It enabled Barak to rout the enemy and gain victory.
The Song of Miriam in Exodus 15.21, the Song of Moses in Exodus 15.1-18, numerous Psalms, and countless other Biblical examples reveal diverse writing styles that describe actual events.
Therefore, even if one proves Genesis 1 as a poem, which Keller failed to prove, it does not infallibly relegate the events described in Genesis 1 to non-literal occurrences as Keller claims. Contrary to Keller’s false claims, the text of Genesis 1 describes God's acts of creation in six twenty-four days.
Primary Myth #2: Genesis 2 supplants Genesis 1 as the accurate description of creation. (7)
Keller based this error upon the following misconceptions:
Genesis 1 does not follow “natural” scientific order since creation of vegetation occurred before the creation of the sun, moon, and stars. (8)
Genesis 1 and 2 cannot fit together and describe different parts of the same creation. (9)
Genesis 2.4-6 describes the creation of all vegetation that supplants the creation of vegetation described in Genesis 1.11-13 making it void.
Contradiction of Keller’s Errors: Genesis 2 complements Genesis 1, including the creation of light described in Genesis 1.14-19.
Genesis 1.11-13 describes the creation of three kinds of vegetation on the earth: grass, plants with seeds, and fruit bearing trees. Genesis 2.5 records bushes and plants of the field.
These verses also contrast two different kinds of land: “earth” in Genesis 1.11-13, the whole earth, and “fields” in Genesis 2.5, tillable land as part of the earth that requires cultivation by mankind. (10)
Therefore, Genesis 2.5 listed that part of vegetation that needed gardening by humans whereas the flora identified in Genesis 1.11-13 did not. The texts do not contradict, but harmonize. They describe the conditions on the earth before the creation of mankind(11), and God's planting the Garden in Eden and the placement of mankind there. Further, Genesis 2.6 describes how God watered the earth before He sent rain.
Many attempt to refute the creation’s record in Genesis 1 with the “natural” order argument. Yet, the Bible records events when God disrupted the “natural” order for his purposes, e.g., three days’ darkness in Egypt (12), stopping the waters of the Red Sea and Jordan River (13), stopping the sun during Joshua’s defeat of the Amorites (14), and the incarnation of Christ (15) to name only a few.
In fact, the New Jerusalem will have neither sun, moon, nor stars, but will have fruit bearing trees due to eternal light from the glory of God and of the Lamb. (16) Obviously, the light that God created in Genesis 1.3 provided the requirements necessary for the vegetation He created in Genesis 1.11-13.
Sadly, Keller misleads many with his errors because he relies upon false scientific theories as his primary basic belief and then alters the Bible to conform to them. The Holy Spirit inspired Moses to write Genesis 1 and 2 as He did, including creation mysteries, to call us to faith in God and His word. (17)
We must reject the siren call of popular culture and trust the inspired, inerrant, infallible word God, even if it seems mysterious to us.
Do you make these two errors that Timothy Keller makes? In his anti-Biblical science, Keller imagines that all humans can hold two fundamental beliefs because of mankind’s naturalistic evolution. Keller supposes that traits necessary for...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
“Oh what a tangled web we weave, When first we practise to deceive!” (1) Poor Eve. She never knew what hit her. It all sounded so right. The serpent asked a simple question: “Did God say…?” When Eve answered...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor, HI. Immediately following the attack, President Franklin Roosevelt described that day as a “…date which will live in infamy.” The President’s...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
A new wave of Bible thumpers has emerged. Politicians join religious leaders in quoting the Bible, yes, the Bible, to support their agendas. Not surprisingly, Pope Francis has quoted the Bible in his messages for reform. To the astonishment of...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
"We live in a post-modern world, and postmodernism is about relativism. My truth is your falsehood, and your falsehood is my truth. But there is such a thing as the plain truth." (Barukh Binah) Barukh Binah captured succinctly one of the pillars...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
Again, Keller's proposition lacks Biblical authority, which presupposes falsely that someone can sell faith in Christ as someone sells a bar of soap. Absence of the Holy Spirit The emphasis of Keller's article relies upon the abilities of...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
In recent years, society’s attitudes on homosexuality have changed. Previously, people regarded it as an unmentionable topic, seldom, if ever, discussed among Christians or in the Christian Church. Even today, with increased awareness, many...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
Part II. Please read Part I for the beginning of this blog. This newness of life in Jesus Christ does not mean the absence of temptation. The child of God faces sinful desires everyday. The presence of temptation does not make one a failure. (19)...[ abbreviated | read entire ]
“Clobbering ‘Biblical’ Gay Bashing”: The Apostle Paul Condemned Homosexuality Currently, the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer) community asserts forcefully that the Apostle Paul did not denounce...[ abbreviated | read entire ]