Summary, Part 5 (final) CONCLUDING APPLICATIONS [54:36]. What does God expect of His people regarding the presence of false teachers in the church? 1. A growing knowledge of apostolic doctrine that will enable you to identify their typical errors and characteristic sins (v. 3. Cf. 2 Pet 3:17-18). 2. An ever-present awareness of their sly presence in (and terrible damage to) the church, that leads to a careful avoidance of their ungodly example and licentious teaching (v. 4). 3. A sufficient knowledge of Bible history to identify the character, teaching, and impact of apostates in the church today (vv. 5-19). 4. A continual commitment to keep yourself in the love of God by increasing your knowledge of Biblical truth, by spiritual prayer, and by a holy life prepared to meet the Lord (vv. 20-21). 5. To prayerfully and carefully do what you can to deliver those who have been influenced by false teachers and their lies (vv. 22-23).
Summary, Part 4 C. CAUTIOUSLY WARN THE CARNAL (v. 23b) [49:22]. Note the allusion to the lepers. This third group would include the apostates themselves and those fully given to their error and sins. A Christianâ€™s hate for these sins should make him exceedingly careful when witnessing or trying to reclaim someone that has fallen into such soul-defiling error. This kind of admonishment is not for all Christians. One must be mature in his own faith. He is entering Satanâ€™s domain, and Satan is more powerful than him. Only love for Christ and His truth, love for the sinner, and hatred of his sin and error will move us to rescue those held captive by the devilâ€™s lies and their love of wickedness. Do not contract their deadly disease in the process.
Summary, Part 3 A. SHOW KINDNESS AND CONSIDERATION TO DOUBTERS (v. 22) [41:29]. These people are characterized by â€śsincere doubtâ€ť. They are open, but have not yet established a standard of truth. So they may come to faith, but they may also embrace error. They are trying to make a distinction or a difference between the falsehood theyâ€™ve been taught and the truth as it is in Christ. We must be as firm as we are compassionate, kindly but aggressively exposing error with the light of the truth as it is in Jesus. We must spend time with them over an open Bible and even share our own testimony with them. Such people, at best, may be weak believers. Some may be argumentative. Mercy sometimes demands stern measures. They must be shown the errors of their ways and where they lead. B. FIRMLY ADMONISH SCOFFERS (v. 23a) [46:28]. This second class of person is seriously committed to false teaching and is in immediate danger of hellfire. We donâ€™t rescue someone from a fire by sitting down and talking with him about its danger: we grab him and pull him out. His error is to be exposed to him. Desperate means call for desperate measures.
Summary, Part 2 B. YOU KEEP YOURSELF IN THE LOVE OF GOD BY PRAYING IN THE HOLY SPIRIT (v. 20) [25:52]. The Holy Spirit prays for us, and we must be regular in prayer. It is the breath of spiritual life. We face resistance from indwelling sin, a distracting devil, and the attractive world that vies for our attention and seeks to mold us. It is only in the power of the Spirit that we truly pray. C. YOU KEEP YOURSELF IN THE LOVE OF GOD BY WAITING FOR CHRIST (v. 21) [32:11]. Notice that those who would keep themselves in the love of God should keep a blessed hope of Christâ€™s return before their eyes (Heb 9:28). Are we eager for Christâ€™s return? His return is our blessed hope. There is a final dimension of Christâ€™s mercy yet to be realized by His people at His return: eternal life in all its fullness. Notice then how these three means of grace work together to keep us in the love of God. You cannot use them and not grow in His love. II. IF YOU WOULD RESCUE THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN DECEIVED BY FALSE TEACHERS, YOU MUST KNOW HOW TO RESPOND APPROPRIATELY TO VARIOUS PERSONS (vv. 22-23) [39:52]. As we have received mercy, we have a duty to show mercy to all three types.
Summary, Part 1 Jude describes false teachers so that the Christian can identify them. But he also exhorts us to avoid them. There are many in this day. I. IF YOU WOULD AVOID THE INFLUENCE OF FALSE TEACHERS, YOU MUST KEEP YOURSELF IN THE LOVE OF GOD (vv. 20-21) [starting at 9:11 of the audio]. The verse offers the threefold way to do this, but does it mean that we keep in our love for God or in His love for us? We should assume the latter (cf. vv. 1, 21), knowing that Godâ€™s love is our strongest protectors against false teachers. We are also kept amid the strength of the numbers of the brethren. A. YOU KEEP YOURSELF IN THE LOVE OF GOD BY GROWING IN THE FAITH (v. 20) [16:55]. Apostates divide the body, so we are to be united in the truth. Lone Christians place themselves in mortal danger (cf. Eph 4:16, 1 Thes 5:11, Acts 9:31]. Notice that the faith on which we are to build ourselves is equivalent to Christ. He must be in control of our doctrine, as He embodies it. The churchâ€™s influence is holy because it has a consecrating effect. Holy truth produces holy believers (cf. Col 1:22-23).
Summary, Part 4 (final) D. IT WILL BE FOREVER OBSERVED [42:13]. Despite everything, statements like this should arrest us. Not only are these false teachers destined for hell, but they will be there forever and so will their followers. Again, note Judeâ€™s descriptive language. ABIDING WORDS IN CONCLUSION [46:15]. 1. Beware of your own susceptibility to the doctrine of apostate and false teachers. Jude wrote to inform us and to warm us. Review the nature of the teachers and teachings that attract you. 2. If you would avoid the doctrine and influence of apostate, false teachers, be aware of their identifying marks. They tend to appeal to the sensitivities of the flock and not the authority of the Bible. Be as concerned with what men donâ€™t teach as well as with what they do teach. False teachers donâ€™t just teach falsehood, but omit truth. 4. If you would avoid the apostatesâ€™ faith, you must avoid their doctrine and influence. What you will run with you will run to.
Summary, Part 3 F. THEY ARE COMPLAINING CON-ARTISTS [25:05]. The Greek word for â€śfault-findingâ€ť means to blame. They blame God for their misfortunes or lack of satisfaction. Theyâ€™re sensual and a law unto themselves. As flatterers, they arouse the same ungodly pride in their flock to justify their own usurpation of the church. II. THEIR ANCIENT PREDICTION [29:30]. God warned his people about this long before. Jesus repeated the warning during His ministry, as did Peter and Paul, who warned that many professing believers would flock to them. They and their false teachers are indistinguishable from the world, which is why they are often called carnal Christians. III. THEIR CERTAIN DESTRUCTION [33:18]. A. IT HAS BEEN ETERNALLY RESERVED. Jude speaks as though their destruction has already been determined (cf. Gen 3:15, Mt 25:41, 46). B. IT IS RICHLY DESERVED [36:35]. They are ungodly. Just note all the characteristics with which Jude identifies them. C. IT IS DIVINELY EXECUTED [38:42]. Jesus Himself will judge them, He will be accompanied by His holy ones (His saints and angels), His judgment will be universal (2 Thes 1:7-10), and His threat is not empty; in fact, it is already certain.
Summary, Part 2 B. THEY ARE EMPTY BOASTERS WHO DO NOT DELIVER WHAT THEY PROMISE [14:40]. They are â€śclouds without waterâ€ť. These dominate religious television today. They only do the church harm. And theyâ€™re â€ścarried along by windsâ€ť, a sign of instability and lack of conviction. They are driven by crowd appeal. When they are found out, they either move on or lay low until they are forgotten, but they will not stop teaching heresy. C. THEY ARE SPIRITUALLY DEAD AND BEYOND RECOVERY [17:20]. Even leafless trees in the winter are not dead: theyâ€™re merely dormant until spring revives them. But a false teacher is like a dead tree: fruitless and rootless. They may excite and arouse great emotion, but those things by themselves are not edification and spiritual growth. The dead cannot benefit the living. D. THEY ARE CARNAL, SHAMELESS REBELS [19:45]. As the waves of the sea churn up the depths, so do false teachers reveal their own true states by their own actions. E. THEY ARE UNPREDICTABLE, UNRELIABLE GUIDES [21:50]. They are â€śwandering starsâ€ť, unlike the static stars that are so predictable that we can navigate by them. But no one can navigate by shooting stars or comets. And like such bodies, they appear in a flash and disappear just as fast. They dazzle many but illumine none.
Summary, Part 1 In verses 12-16 of the Epistle of Jude, the writer casts profound imagery of the nature of false teachers, then restates ancient prophecy about them, and then describes their true dispositions. I. THEIR VIVID DESCRIPTION [starting at 5:20 of the audio]. False teachers are not what they appear to be: they are wicked pretenders. And so we need a clear description of them. Jude offers six of their characteristics. A. THEY ARE FEARLESS, SELF-CENTERED, HIDDEN DESTROYERS [6:04]. â€śDestroyersâ€ť is the key here. They destroy in a number of ways. 1. BY FEARLESSNESS. They want to derail the brethrenâ€™s faith and are not intimidated by being found out. 2. BY SELFISHNESS. Their self-centeredness causes them to shepherd themselves at the expense of the flock (cf. Ezek 34:2, 8). They see their office as one of gain, not as one of ministry. 3. BY SECRECY. They are â€śhiddenâ€ť reefs. Their influence is often not apparent until itâ€™s too late. They command obedience, discourage diligence, and often mirror the particular sensitivities of their flock to win their trust.
Summary, Part 6 (final) LESSONS [52:27]: 1. Sonship implies not only privilege but also responsibility. 2. The fear of God is the heart disposition of every true son of God. This holy fear strengthens in our sanctification. We bent the knee because we came to fear Him, and we must bend our wills even more for the same reason. TWO CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS [53:35]: 1. Godâ€™s grace is always our chief incentive for obedience. It is not merit, but grace. We obey because He delivered us, not to win His deliverance. If we regard God as a cruel taskmaster, then weâ€™re still in Egypt. True Christians remember their prior slavery. 2. God bestows or withholds material blessings to teach us valuable lessons. By this, the spiritual graces are developed.
Summary, Part 5 2. Thank God for trials. We learn from them things about Godâ€™s provision, that He is sufficient to provide all our needs. The dependent Christian is a happy Christian. III. REMEMBRANCE OF YOUR SPIRITUAL SLAVERY AND GODâ€™S GRACIOUS DELIVERANCE WILL MAKE YOU TEACHABLE AND OBEDIENT SONS (vv. 5-6) [43:42]. We could never please pharaoh, but through Christ we can receive the graces to please God. A. YOU SHOW YOU ARE TEACHABLE AND OBEDIENT SONS AS YOU EMBRACE AND RELISH YOUR DISCIPLINE AS COMING FROM A LOVING HEAVENLY FATHER [46:08]. Our perfect Father disciplines us as sons. Holy discipline, no matter how hard it may be, is an act of love from a loving Father (v. 5). B. YOU SHOW THAT YOU ARE TEACHABLE AND OBEDIENT SONS AS YOU WALK IN THE FEAR OF GOD IN EVANGELICAL OBEDIENCE TO THE LORD [48:30]. â€śEvangelicalâ€ť here means the relationship of a son to a Father, not of a slave to a master. It is gospel obedience (vv. 6, 11). Cheerful obedience is a test of sonship. Verses 12-20 are a dire warning when we forget our standing.
Summary, Part 4 II. REMEMBRANCE OF YOUR SPIRITUAL SLAVERY AND GODâ€™S GRACIOUS DELIVERANCE WILL KEEP YOU HUMBLE (vv. 2-3) [31:35]. A. YOU LEARN TO BE HUMBLE WHEN YOU REMEMBER HOW GOD DEALT WITH YOU [32:45]. Humility is not a lesson of ease but of trials. Painful tests show what is in our hearts. We believe that we know how we would face trials until we actually face them. Trials dash our pride: our disposition that we know better than God. B. YOU LEARN TO BE HUMBLE WHEN YOU REMEMBER WHY GOD DEALT WITH YOU (vv. 3-4) [36:23]. The Israelites wanted food, but God wanted to give them something more than bread: the manna of His word and His salvation. The humble Christian doesnâ€™t take Godâ€™s blessings for granted; he instead wonders why God has granted any of them. The Lord gives us two reasons why He humbles His people: to give them an accurate knowledge of themselves; especially if they would be obedient to Him (v. 2), and to give them an expanded knowledge of Himself, especially that He is a supernatural provider of all things (v. 3). LESSONS [42:42]: 1. Thank God for trials. Through them He intends to overthrow your pride and self-reliance and teach you humility and dependence upon Him for all things.
Summary, Part 3 B. YOU LEARN TO BE THANKFUL WHEN YOU REMEMBER HOW GOD CARED FOR YOU ALL ALONG YOUR SPIRITUAL PILGRIMAGE (vv. 3-4) [17:05]. During a decades-long walkabout in a desert, God preserved His people in miraculous ways. How does a multitude survive so long in such a desolate place? His provisions were miraculous, so are our comforts from Him in our own pilgrimage. When we experience privation, we learn dependence on Him. Abundance tends to make us forget about God (Deut 6:10-12, Mt 19:24), even His daily blessings. What do we have that we have not received (Deut 6:18)? LESSONS [29:46]: 1. Your heavenly Father always provides what is best for you either by prosperity or by privation, according to your spiritual needs. 2. Let us be careful not to forget God amidst all His blessings or to make a god of His gifts. 3. Of all people, liberated slaves should be most grateful to God for all their blessings.
Summary, Part 2 A. YOU LEARN TO BE THANKFUL AS YOU REMEMBER THAT GOD LED YOU ALL ALONG YOUR SPIRITUAL PILGRIMAGE (Deut 8:2) [11:24]. It took a plethora of miracles to deliver Israel from pharaoh and sustain her in the wilderness. Yet Moses had to caution them about their forgetfulness. PERTINENT INTRODUCTORY QUESTIONS [13:24]: 1. Do you see, Christian, that you are a pilgrim and that your life is a journey? And that God has led you all the way? 2. Do you see your former life before God saved you as bondage? Can you see any other way out of the snares that held you when you were an unbeliever? Do you see your new life on the wilderness of this earth as preparation for the promised land of heaven? 3. As a Christian pilgrim, are you thankful to God for the trials youâ€™ve faced in the wilderness of this world? Do you see that now God is with you and refining you in holiness? 4. Are you trusting Him right now to lead you, no matter the kind of trials through which He is leading you? 5. Are you thankful that the trials through which God is leading you have as their great goal your perfection in the image of Christ and your place at the feet of Christ forever and ever? Our trials are not an end, but a means to a glorious end.
Summary, Part 1 Contrary to the worldâ€™s teachings, we are born in rebellion against God. Our sin nature, which we inherited from Adam, enslaves us to the world system, to our own flesh, and to the devil. We need the deliverance that was pictured in the Israelitesâ€™ deliverance from Egypt and that was realized in the redemptive act of Christ. God wasted no time urging the Israelites to remember their deliverance because their rebellious nature makes them prone to forget it. We are no different. These lessons are not merely for our intellectual enjoyment, but encouragements to actualize them in our lives. Remembrance is critical to our Christian walk. As much as we must grow, we must also look back to remember where we came from: that will magnify our gratitude for our blessings. I. REMEMBRANCE OF YOUR SPIRITUAL SLAVERY AND GODâ€™S GRACIOUS DELIVERANCE WILL MAKE YOU THANKFUL [starting at 7:57 of the audio]. Thanklessness is a sure way to practical atheism (cf. Rom 1:21, 2 Tim 3:2). The materialism and naturalism expressed by atheism leads us to believe that all that exists is matter and energy, and that its blessings come by the natural course of the world. But in all things, we live from Godâ€™s hand to our mouths.
Summary, Part 4 (final) Then he schemed to get God to curse Israel by sending in women to seduce their men. And so must we beware teachers with a love for gain. 3. THEIR COMPANY WITH KORAH ILLUSTRATES THEIR REBELLION AND BLASPHEMY AGAINST THE LORD [44:47]. Korah rebelled against Moses and Aaron by challenging their authority before God, who consumed them alive for their rebellion. There are three lessons in this: i. It represents the pride of false teachers who disregard their need for a mediator between themselves and God. ii. It represents those who arrogate themselves authority and intrude into the ministry without being called by God. iii. It represents overbearing false teachers who lead churches with proud, insolent, and even foul tongues. THREE CONCLUDING EXHORTATIONS [49:22]: 1. Make sure that you place yourself under and intelligent and godly ministry. 2. Beware of the influence of teachers who exhibit the traits of Cain, Balaam, and Korah. 3. If you follow false teachers in their teaching, you will follow them in their destruction.
Summary, Part 3 ii. They destroy themselves with what they do know (v. 10b). The unregenerate have only their fleshly understanding and will follow it to destruction because they do not have the light of the gospel. II. THEIR COMPANY (v. 11) [32:20]. â€śBirds of a feather flock togetherâ€ť, put biblically, means â€śbad company corrupts good moralsâ€ť. You can tell a lot about a person by the company he keeps. These apostates tend to demonstrate the wicked spirit of their predecessors. A. A DREADFUL CURSE RESTS UPON THEM FOR THE COMPANY THEY KEEP [33:23]. Verse 11: to follow Cain is to turn from the right way; to follow Balaam is to reject truth; and to follow Korah is to reject life. B. HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF THIS COMPANY [37:40]. 1. THEIR COMPANY WITH CAIN ILLUSTRATES THEIR ATTACHMENT TO FALSE RELIGION. Cain refused to bring the sacrifice that God commanded. He then further rebelled instead of repented. And so modern apostates reject Christâ€™s substitutionary atonement and Godâ€™s requirements for acceptable worship. 2. THEIR COMPANY WITH BALAAM ILLUSTRATES THEIR CHARACTERISTIC GREED AND SEDUCTIVENESS [39:54]. Balaamâ€™s god was money and he was available to the highest bidder. He disobeyed God by accompanying the emissaries but then blessed the Israelites when they instructed him to curse them.
Summary, Part 2 He reveals more in verse 8: 1. THEY DEFILE PURITY [13:41]. They live carnal lives, either openly or secretly. Both their minds and consciences are defiled, and it will usually show in their teachings. But not always. We have seen big-name evangelists with sound doctrine fall into scandal. That is a warning to us that orthodoxy does not make us sin-proof. But the men in Jude are not orthodox. Fleshly living will accommodate false teaching. Cf. Titus 1:16, 2 Pet 2:10, 18. 2. THEY REJECT AUTHORITY [19:35]. They are a law unto themselves, having rejected what has already been established. Ultimately, they deny Jesus Christ as their Lord and master. 3. THEY SPEAK BLASPHEMY [22:09]. Jude cites Michael arguing with Satan over Mosesâ€™ body. The point is that all authority ultimately resides to God. Arrogant false teachers care nothing for the good name and authority of those they rely upon. They expose their ignorance in two ways: i. They blaspheme what they do not know (v. 10a). The unregenerate will often do things like call holy living â€śPuritanismâ€ť or â€śoutdatedâ€ť, or call biblical obedience â€ślegalismâ€ť. They will even stand against Christians who stand with God in matters of controversy such as abortion, gay marriage, or biblical authority.
Summary, Part 1 We return to the epistle of Jude, a warning about false teachers who had crept into the congregation, and examine two of their traits as given in verses 8-11. I. THEIR CONDUCT (vv. 8-10) [starting at 5:18 of the audio]. A. THEY ARE FORGETFUL (v. 8) [6:45]. They have forgotten their fallen state as stated in the Bible, and may dismiss its teachings as ancient stories obsolete today. B. THEY ARE PRIDEFUL (v. 8) [7:41]. Pride and forgetfulness tend to go hand-in-hand. They consider themselves to be above Godâ€™s law and able to bring people to Christ by their own devices and not Godâ€™s. C. THEY ARE DELUSIONAL (v. 8) [8:26]. They are dreamers. They may accept their own illusions as biblical, or they may do the same with their depraved doctrines. Deut 13:1-5 is not to be taken as capital punishment in the new covenant, but such a prophetâ€™s influence is to be put to death. Though they may appear as pleasant, convincing people, the Bible compares them to wolves and beasts. Jude reveals some of their wicked characteristics in verses 5-7.
Summary, Part 4 (final) B. THEY WEAN US FROM THE LOVE OF SIN [46:49]. Judahâ€™s sins were idolatry and disobedience. God loosened the rope enough for them to turn back to Him, but he only annihilated them when they reached the end. C. GOD REMAINS THE SAME THROUGHOUT THEM. HIS GRACE REMAINS CONSTANT [48:04]. This is why Jeremiah didnâ€™t lose his faith (Lam 3:22-23). Godâ€™s compassions are new every morning. CONCLUDING APPLICATIONS [51:33]: 1. Remember that God is a righteous father who must chasten His children. 2. He is a loving, heavenly father who proves it by His discipline. 3. God is a perfecting heavenly Father whose goal in discipline is to conform you to the image of Christ.