What document nailed to a door in Wittenberg is credited with officially starting the Reformation?
The 95 thesis
What were the 5 Solas of the Reformation?
What cardinal doctrine of the protestant church emerged during the Reformation?
Justification by Faith Alone
What was the purpose of the Synod of Dort?
The Synod was convened in 1618 to settle an issue in the Dutch Reformed Church regarding Arminianism.
What was an important product of the Synod of Dort?
The 5 points of Calvinism
What was the controversy surrounding the Marrow Men?
This controversy related to the relationship between the law and the Gospel. Thomas Boston and Ralph and Ebenezer Erskine reprinted the Marrow of Modern Divinity advocating immediate and free salvation to all who look to Christ. The opposing view insisted that the gospel was the new law replacing the law of the Old Testament and that there were conditions to receiving Christ such as the complete forsaking of sin.
How did we come by the first English Translation of the Bible?
The first English bible translation was by John Wycliffe at Oxford University in 1382
When did the First council of Nicaea meet?
What was the Arian controversy?
The Arians believed that Christ was not of the same substance with the Father and so was created.
What was the result of the council of Nicaea?
They sought to solve a disagreement over whether Jesus was of the same substance as the Father or just of a similar substance as the Father. The first uniform doctrine of Christian belief was the result. This was the first attempt to obtain consensus for the entire Christian church by the work of a council.
While Luther protested against certain aspects of the Roman church, what figure emerged from Switzerland and how was his emphasis on reform different?
Huldrich Zwingli wanted a compete revision of all religious life in Zurich, Switzerland. Zwingi wanted nothing to be done in worship which was not specifically required by God's Word. (EXTRA CREDIT: He was killed in battle in 1531)
What reformer emerged from France?
What book did Calvin publish in 1536 that influenced nearly all of modern Christian thought to some degree?
The Institutes of Christian Religion
In 1559, French Protestants began to organize themselves into a Presbyterian system of government. This organized church would eventually be called what?
What tragedy took place in France on St. Bartholemoew's day, August 24, 1572?
The Huguenots in France gathered in Paris for the marriage of Prince Henry a Protestant to Marguerite de' Medici a Catholic. This was supposed to heal the animosity between the warring factions of the Christian church. The ringing of the bells in the Cathedral of St. Germain signaled the beginning of a slaughter. Between 30,000 and 70,000 Huguenots were killed. The killing continued in France for 6 more weeks and Protestants in France have never recovered. French Protestants fled to North America leaving behind their French heritage and language and joining with English-speaking churches, usually Presbyterian of English or Scottish background.
What reformer allegedly said, "O God, give me Scotland or I die!"?
Who is considered to be the Father of Presbyterianism?
What events took place in 1560 to cause that honor to be given to John Knox?
In August 1560 the Scottish parliament was persuaded by Knox to renounce Roman Catholicism and adopt the Reformed faith for Scotland. 4 days later Knox laid before them a confession of faith, the Scots Confession of 1560. In December1560, Knox organized the first General Assembly of the Scottish church. The Assembly crafted a Book of Discipline outlining a Presbyterian form of government. His 5 debates with the Roman Catholic, Mary, Queen of Scots helped to secure Scotland for Presbyterian Protestants.