If you're looking for a summer trip during which children can learn some history and adults can honor the military dead, keep in mind that this year is the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Antietam. When 12 hours of battle ended on Sept. 17, 1862, about 23,000 men were dead, wounded, or missing. That day remains the bloodiest one in American military history (including even D-Day in 1944).
Antietam is a Native American word that means "the swift current," but the Union and Confederate armies met thereâ€”on good corn-growing land owned by strictly pacifistic German Baptistsâ€”because a Southern officer was slow to destroy a copy of Special Order 191, Gen. Robert E. Lee's plan of operations for invading Maryland. A Northern soldier found the order wrapped around cigars, and Union commander George McClellan realized he had an opportunity to destroy a divided Confederate army....
"So many plots have already been made against my life, that it is a real miracle that they have all failed, when we consider that the great majority of them were in the hands of the skillful Roman Catholic murderers, evidently trained by Jesuits. But can we expect that God will make a perpetual miracle to save my life? I believe not. The Jesuits are so expert in those deeds of blood that Henry IV said it was impossible to escape them, and he became their victim, though he did all that could be done to protect himself. My escape from their hands, since the letter of the Pope to Jeff Davis has sharpened the million of daggers to pierce my breast, would be more than a miracle.
But just as the Lord heard no murmur from the lips of Moses when He told him that he had to die, before crossing the Jordan, for the sins of his people; so I hope and pray that He will hear no murmur from me when I fall for my nationâ€™s sake.
The only two favors I ask of the Lord are, first that I may die for the sacred cause in which I am engaged, and that I am the standard bearer of the rights and liberties of my country.
The second favor I ask of God is, that my dear son, Robert, when I am gone, will be one of those who lift up that flag of liberty which will cover my tomb..."--ABRAHAM LINCOLN !
"You are perfectly correct when you say it was to detach the Roman Catholics who have enrolled themselves in our army. Since the publication of that [the popeâ€™s] letter, a great number of them have deserted their banners and turned traitorâ€¦ It is true also, that Meade has remained with us, and gained the bloody battle of Gettysburg. But how could he lose it, when he was surrounded by such heroes as Howard, Reynolds, Buford, Wadsworth, Cutler, Slocum, Sickles, Hancock, Barnes, etc. But it is evident that his Romanism superceded his patriotism after the battle. He let the army of Lee escape when he could easily have cut his retreat and forced him to surrender after losing nearly half of his soldiers in the last three days carnage.
When Meade was to order the pursuit after the battle, a stranger came in haste to the headquarters, and that stranger was a disguised Jesuit. After ten minutes conversation with him, Meade made such arrangements for the pursuit of the enemy that he escaped almost untouched with the loss of only two guns !"--ABE LINCOLN [50 YEARS IN THE CHURCH OF ROME (p.298) By (Father) Charles Chiniquy]
"But you (Charles Chiniquy) are the only one to whom I (ABRAHAM LINCOLN) reveal these sad secrets; for I know that you learned them before me."--ABE LINCOLN-p.295 !
"This war would never have been possible without the sinister influence of the Jesuits. We owe it to popery that we now see our land reddened with the blood of her noblest sonsâ€¦. I pity the priests, the bishops and the monks of Rome in the United States when the people realize that they are, in great part, responsible for the tears and the bloodshed in this war."--ABE LINCOLN [50 YEARS IN THE CHURCH OF ROME (pp. 296,297) By (Father) Charles Chiniquy]
"The common people see and hear the big, noisy wheels of the Southern Confederacyâ€™s cars: they call them Jeff Davis, Lee, Toombs, Beauregard, Semmes, etc., and they honestly think they are the motive power, the first cause of our troubles. But this is a mistake. The true motive power is secreted behind the thick walls of the (Satanic) Vatican, the colleges and schools of the Jesuits, the convents of the nuns and the confessional boxes of Rome."--ABE LINCOLN [50 YEARS IN THE CHURCH OF ROME (p.305) By Chiniquy]
"But it is very certain that if the American people could learn what I know of the fierce hatred of the priests of Rome against our institutions, our schools, our most sacred rights, and our so dearly bought liberties, they would drive them away tomorrow from among us, or they would shoot them as traitors."--ABE LINCOLN !
Jim Lincoln wrote: Reading about Gen. John P. Lucas, I was going to lay all the blame of Anzio on him, but apparently Gen. Mark Clark deserved a lot of the blame also. The Union always had a shortage of good generals, and thankfully a few stepped up when it was needed at Gettysburg and also the fairly consistent success of Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan.
Kesselring did an awsome job of defending Italy against Clark's forces. Lucas' taking time to secure his bridgehead unfortunately gave the Germans that much more time to dig in and rally in response to the allied landings. Truscot and/or Patton would surely have wasted no time in grabbing Rome ASAP before the Germans could fortify it. Oh well.
Jim Lincoln wrote: It was even bloodier because McClellan was such a bad commander. He had the power and the means to end the War Between the States, but not the will to end it. Civil War Statistics
It's funny how some of the best trainers can also be the most lousy commanders. McClellan was very meticulous in training the Union Army but couldn't lead it well. A similar example, for those familiar with the Band of Brothers account of US airborne forces in WWII, is Captain Sobel, who trained Easy Company while Richard Winters actually led the group into battle after proving to be a far more capable commander than Sobel.