Facing continued challenges to evolutionary science from religious conservatives who insist that public schools teach alternative explanations, the National Academy of Sciences has issued a new book that outlines the scientific evidence for evolution.
"Evolution is one of the bedrock theories in all of modern science, and we are coming to understand better and better as to why that is," said NAS President Ralph Cicerone at a panel discussion of the 86-page booklet, called Science, Evolution and Creationism.
"We are trying to give the public a coherent explanation of that and concrete examples of the impact of evolution," Cicerone said of the booklet, which insists that theories such as creationism and "intelligent design" have no place in science classrooms....
I like to make it real simple. Lets break it down to basic math:
1x1=1 This would be a mutation that changes a portion of the dna into something different, but doesn't change it's 'size'. This will always be neutral when it comes to the amount of genetic material.
1-1=0 This is what happens when we get a mutation that decreases the genetic material. This kind of mutation will never create anything bigger, or the same size as the original. It will always loose.
1+1=1 This is what is require for macro evolution. They are little positive changes that can be added together to create something bigger than the original. This is what we do not see happening except in examples where things clearly go very bad and usually kill the organism. These mutations are detrimental, not beneficial, and are more likely to be bred out into extinction.
So in other terms, 1-1 would be degeneration and natural selection (sometimes loss is a good thing such as the gene in a bug that makes it susceptible to antibiotics. Loosing this gene would make it a superbug) 1x1 would be natural selection where traits are simply switched on and off. And 1+1 results in macro evolution. WHICH DOES NOT HAPPEN.
Things adapt within the pre-existing genetic material. They don't macro-evolve.
"The science of evolution is founded on the observation that during reproduction, errors in the duplication of DNA - an organism's genetic blueprint - create individuals with different traits. Those traits that enhance survival are preferentially passed on to subsequent generations. That "natural selection" leads to differing populations and, with enough time, new species."
This kind of "evolution" is real and can be seen in breeding such as dogs and horses or in the mutation of a virus. I call this adaptation; some may call it micro-evolution. This does not prove that: any human "evolved" from a monkey, that species went from one celled ocean/muck dwellers to land creatures (and in the case of whales and dolphins back to the water again), nor that the whole "big bang" theory and age of the universe is legitimate. At the same time it can not disprove a literal belief in the Genesis account of creation.
I don't believe creationism or Intellegent design should be taught in public schools, because the teacher can claim everything from Aliens to Zeus as the creator. I don't like macro-evolution (full evolutionary theory) being taught as the truth to students either. This is why the parents must step in and teach the child as they feel God has led them.
"There is no controversy in the scientific community over whether evolution has occurred," the booklet states. Although there is continuing scientific debate about the details and mechanisms of evolution, there is now an "immense body of evidence" to support it, making it "one of the most securely established of scientific facts."
I think that statement would take a lot of faith, even more faith than that required from Scripture. Although the alternatives to Evolutionary Theory are often not in the mainstream media, I would encourage anyone seeking another perspective to listen to this author:
These are some of the best arguments I've heard on the topic, and have a strong scientific presupposition.