What [Ludwig] Pastor should have written was that Rome was deeply involved in Irish affairs all along, but would not acknowledge it publicly until success seemed assured. This moment arrived in March 1642. The Archbishop of Armagh, Hugh O‚ÄôReilly, was given the go ahead from the Vatican to convene a Synod of the Roman Catholic clergy of Ulster at Kells in Country Meath. This had been arranged by Pope Urban‚Äôs nephew, Cardinal Antonio Barberini. With astute business sense, Uncle Maffeo had invested nephew Antonio with the title of Cardinal Protector of Ireland following Ludovisi‚Äôs death. Another nephew, Cardinal Francesco Barberini, was also involved. Such was the nepotism that prevailed in Rome at the time. "